In the walk up to the QUIT INDIA movement of 8th August 1942, a secret closed Congress Working Committee was chaired by Mahatma Gandhi in Allahabad. This happened exactly a fortnight after Sir Stafford Cripps returned to England.
Gandhi’s points in the resolution of CWC were summarized as follows
1) The British was be asked to clear out forthwith
2) If British could not be persuaded to go, they would have to be thrown out
3) Once the British were removed, India would avoid being invaded because Japan’s quarrel was with Britain and not with India
4) If Japan invaded India, it would meet with non-violent resistance
5) The stationing of American soldiers in Indian soil was a grave menace to Indian freedom
The draft version of this report was safely secured with Mira-ben (formerly Madeleine Slade) but unfortunately the MOM and draft resolution fell into the hands of two Communist members of Congress party. Communist Party of India had then switched its loyalty from Indian Nationalists to British Imperialists just after Adolf Hitler attacked Soviet Union. As per their new found loyalty the CPI members sold the report to the British Intelligence.
The leaking of this secret report proved to be fatal because Churchill and Viceroy Linlithgow strengthened the Muslim-Anglo alliance with Jinnah since they viewed this report as a betrayal by Gandhi & Congress leaders as per their earlier stance in Poona act.
In 1960’s, the Nation was looming under the threat of war from China. Post Independence, Sardar Patel had always insisted to PM Jawaharlal Nehru that India needs to work on its Military strength, especially on the borders we share in common with China. This was suggested due to the frantic occupation of Tibet and other areas by the Chinese Army. Unfortunately a gullible Nehru thought the economic growth of India will pursue a gentlemanly China to be friends with us.
The rise of Mao created ripples within the communist arenas all over the world, especially in India. The Communist battalion were divided on the need to support Soviet views or the rising Chinese power. Factions quickly started developing, leading to a split where CPI adhered to a National democracy but CPM devoted itself to people’s democracy and in fact went ahead to support the Chinese intrusion into the Indian borders.
In 1959, the Centre government dismissed the E. M. S. Namboodiripad’s government owing to its pro Chinese stand and illegal activities. The government threw several communist leaders in jail, an example being V S Achuthanandan was sent to Thiruvananthapuram central jail. To overcome this shadow of anti Nationalism, in 1962, V S Achuthanandan mooted the idea of donating blood for the jawans and contributing money from the sale of prison rations saved by inmates to the defense kitty of the government. Once the members were released from jail, In 1965 a complaint was filed against V S and he was demoted from the central committee to the branch level as Alappuzha district secretariat due to his anti party activities.
The present day scenario of 2016 looms a similar situation where factions are fast developing between Kerala CPM and Bengal CPM. Majority of the 18 members of CPM State secretariat have given thumbs up to their alliance with Congress in the upcoming assembly elections. CPM which is fast fading away in the average bengali household, feels the only way to counter BJP and Mamata Banerjee’s TMC, is to join hands with the Congress for political convenience.
But in Kerala CPM is singing a different tune altogether. The Solar Scam against Congress CM Oommen Chandy is being viewed as political mileage for CPM Kerala to rightfully get back their lost position in the state.
Communism in present day modern India has turned out to be a failed ideology but their strong presence in the form of Unions are still creating a crisis for the Nation. Manufactured Student protests, returning of awards by incompetent artists and diverting ideas from Nationalism have always been their biggest trump cards to capture political power.
Whether it is the Indian Independence support or Colonial British support, leaning towards Soviet or being safeguarded by China, Kerala assembly victory or Bengal assembly chances, the communist agenda has always been one of opportunism.