Many die hard supporters of B R Ambedkar will specifically try to hide the fact he wanted to implement caste based reservations in India only for a short period of 10 years. Post this period of 10 years, Ambedkar predicted that the underprivileged classes will be on par with other Upper castes. Funnily even to this day, we see that almost all caste centric leaders who aspire to be a Politician, create a hit job by advocating quota reservation for their respective castes. To top it all, these Political leaders will probably call themselves an ardent follower of B R Ambdekar’s principles of inclusive growth.
The North Indian community probably started facing the wrath of reservation politics around the time 1990, when the then V P Singh government accepted the Mandal Commission report. With the allocation of 27 percent for other backward classes (OBC) communities, many community leaders have been striving hard to push their caste into the OBC goldmine. But this reservation vote bank game had start way back in 1969 in the state of Tamil Nadu and the architects of this game plan were members from Justice Party and Dravidian movement.
In 1971 subsequent enhancement of this scheme was done by Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) increasing reservation for Backward Classes from 25 percent to 31 percent and SC / ST from 16 percent to 18 percent. In 1980 MGR’s Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) government had increased the BC reservation from 31 percent to 50 percent literally depriving 68 percent of seats for the general community. Even to this day we have a 69 percent of reservation in Tamil Nadu, this being done in-spite of the 1992 order of Supreme court to cap reservation at 50 percent only.
To overcome this systematic attack of reservation on the General Community, specifically Brahmins, students from this community devised a plan. The idea was secure a good percentage of marks in the 12th standard thus enabling them to join a respected engineering college. After completing 4 years of under graduation in India, most of these students opted for a student loan and decided to leave India to pursue their Post Graduation (PG) in countries like USA, UK etc. On completing their PG courses, these students never really sought an inclination to come back to India fearing further backlashes. These students had a warm welcome to opt for a high paying job in the respective country and thus they decided to stay back in foreign nations, making it their permanent home.
Such a systematic migration of a single community from the state of Tamil Nadu has not only resulted in the loss of brain drain from this Nation, but also had social and cultural complications. Many such student’s parents were in a dilemma, they were neither able to join their kids in the respective foreign nations (due to VISA restrictions) and living alone in India was not a feasible option. The population of Brahmin community in Tamil Nadu is now significantly minuscule on comparison with their numbers two decades back. This was probably one of the biggest impacts of creating and preserving caste based reservation in Tamil Nadu.
Apart from this, the caste based reservation system has created a significant increase in levels of mediocrity among the student community. Brain drain and lack of competition in the PG courses has seen a significant dip in the number quality research papers submitted by Indian students. Unfortunately this act of exodus of talented individuals from India is being reciprocated among various castes which are denied opportunities in India based on caste reservation.
Information Technology’s boom in India has probably been one of the few saviors which has retained a majority of the talented population based on merit irrespective of caste. The recent suggestion by National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC) to enact a legislation making it mandatory for private entities to reserve 27% of all hiring for people from the OBC community will serve as huge blow to India’s growth story. To add more fuel to fire, Union Minister Ram Vilas Paswan statement “There should also be enhanced representation to the backward classes in judiciary”, is a typical example of how caste reservation breeds a distinct voting pattern in India. Just wonder, what will be the state of the Nation, if we have caste reservations are sought in areas of Defense like Indian Army and Navy?
All of PM Modi’s pet projects like Start Up India, Make in India have been clamoring for fresh young talents in the Nation. The irony is that, even if we have a Political Leader who wants India to move in the right direction, we have a thousand caste based leaders who are ready to kill his idea even before its inception.