This RTI by activist Prafful Sarda on Narural Gas exposes some good yet alarming facts

As per the Ministry of Petroleum, Government of India, India has 1,437 billion cubic metres (50.7×1012 cu ft) of confirmed natural gas reserves as of April 2010. A huge mass of India’s natural gas production comes from the western offshore regions, particularly the Mumbai High complex.
The onshore fields in Assam, tripura, Andhra Pradesh, and Gujarat states are also major producers of natural gas. As per EIA data, India produced 996 billion cubic feet (2.82×1010 m3) of natural gas in 2004.
India imports small amounts of natural gas. In 2004, India consumed about 1,089×109 cu ft (3.08×1010 m3) of natural gas, the first year in which the country showed net natural gas imports. During 2004, India imported 93×109 cu ft (2.6×109 m3) of liquefied natural gas (LNG) from Qatar.
As in the oil sector, India’s state-owned companies account for the bulk of natural gas production. ONGC and Oil India Ltd. (OIL) are the leading companies with respect to production volume, while some foreign companies take part in upstream developments in joint-ventures and production sharing contracts. Reliance Industries, a privately owned Indian company, will also have a bigger role in the natural gas sector as a result of a large natural gas find in 2002 in the Krishna Godavari basin.
The Gas Authority of India Ltd. (GAIL) holds an effective control on natural gas transmission and allocation activities. In December 2006, the Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas issued a new policy that allows foreign investors, private domestic companies, and Government oil companies to hold up to 100% equity stakes in pipeline projects. While GAIL’s domination in natural gas transmission and allocation is not ensured by statute, it will continue to be the leading player in the sector because of its existing natural gas infrastructure.
As these set of data is bit old and could be obsolete, RTI Activist Prafful Sarda filed a fresh RTI to get numbers again. These were the questions posted in the RTI.

Point no. 5: Since 2005 what is the natural gas production in the country. Share the yearly numbers, which are the places in India that has maximum natural gas production. Share the details.

Reply: Year-wise Gas production in BCM from FY 2004-05 to 2017-18 till Aug 2017 is as below:

Year ONGC OIL PSC+CBM Country Total
2004-05 22.97 2.01 6.78 31.76
2005-06 22.57 2.27 7.36 32.20
2006-07 22.44 2.26 7.04 31.75
2007-08 22.33 2.34 7.73 32.40
2008-09 22.49 2.27 8.09 32.85
2009-10 23.11 2.42 21.99 47.51
2010-11 23.10 2.35 26.77 52.22
2011-12 23.32 2.63 21.61 47.56
2012-13 23.55 2.64 14.49 40.68
2013-14 23.28 2.62 9.50 35.40
2014-15 22.02 2.72 8.91 33.66
2015-16 21.18 2.84 8.24 32.25
2016-17 22.09 2.94 6.87 31.90
2017-18 till Aug’17 9.74 1.24 2.72 13.69


The areas/ region in the country with maximum natural gas production during August 2017 are listed below:

Area/ Region Gas in MMSCM (Aug 2017) % Contribution
Western Offshore 1624.54 59%
Assam 387.45 14%
Eastern Offshore 243.62 9%
Gujarat 139.80 5%
Rajasthan 119.55 4%
Tamil Nadu 103.38 4%
Andhra Pradesh 77.55 3%
West Bengal-CBM 47.64 2%
Madhya Pradesh-CBM 17.22 1%
Gujarat Offshore 9.52 0%
Arunachal Pradesh 2.27 0%
Jharkhand-CBM 0.39 0%
Country Total 2772.94 100%


Point no. 6: What is the current situation of natural gas in the country and as per study and calculation till how many years country can utilize it? Please share the details.

Reply: Bases on the approved balance gas reserves as on 31st March 2017 and yearly rate of production for FY 2016-17, the reserves are expected to last for ~45 years.

Replies to other question will be sent to you MOP & NG Directly

Natural gas & CNG usage is increasing day by day and current reserve will last only for 45 years, since NG is more environment friendly, I request Hon. Minister Dharmendra Pradhan, to work on how we can increase the production so we shall have reserve for at least 100 years and that will be used by future generation, said RTI activist Prafful Sarda when contacted.
We tried reaching minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas minister Dharmendra Pradhan with a question of what steps are being taken in order that next generation also gets a share of natural gas, which seems to become extinct by next 45 years but was not reachable.