A Sharia court settles civil and marital disputes in the Muslim community, where qazis (judges) appointed by AIMPLB hear disputes. Similar courts exist in Malegaon, Hyderabad and Patna.
A Darul Qaza or Sharia court was inaugurated in Mira Road on Saturday. The court, set up by the All India Muslim Personal Law Board (AIMPLB), is the second one in the Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR).
Mumbai got its first Sharia Court in 2013 near Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus.
When a person approaches Sharia court with a dispute, both the parties are required to present their sides in the court. But, if one of them decides to move civil court, the case needs to be withdrawn for the Sharia court.
The Shariat can be explained as the provisions in the Quran as well as the teachings and practices of Prophet Mohammad. However, the origin, evolution and the applicability of the Shariat is far more twisted than that. Article 14 of the Indian Constitution grants “equal protection of law” to all its citizens. But when it comes to personal issues(marriage, divorce, inheritance, custody of children,etc), Muslims in India are governed by the Muslim Personal Law which came into force in 1937.
There have been plenty of instances of protests against personal laws. One of the prime agendas of the women’s movement in India since the 1930s has been the discrimination faced by women in personal laws, across all religions.