Liberals might say Subramanian Swamy on Sunday lit up yet another controversy by offering a Lord Krishna’s package of 3 temples and keep 39,997 Masjids. But in truth the number of destroyed temples in India might be even more keeping in mind how much of History has been secularized by our so called eminent historians.
Truth be told the Mughal invasion in Ancient India should have been considered as the biggest holocaust on a single peace loving Hindu community and during these times, the Mughal invaders followed a pattern for their invasion. After they had entered into a Hindu town or city, they performed substantial amount of conversions but hardly had they had any control of the country side. So this resulted in frequent expeditions for destroying temples, collecting booty including male and female slave and submissive terrorism of peasantry through slaughter and rapine. But the peasantry frequently revolted when the Mughals weakened in those respective areas to obtain back their lost lands. The patterns of destruction can be further explained as below:
1) Places taken by ASSAULT
When a place is taken by assault, seldom people surrendered and thereby this resulted in complete slaughter or enslavement of the population. Conquerors raised their own edifices and enslaved Hindus were employed to produce quick results. Many times Cows and Brahmins were killed and their blood were sprinkled on sacred places thereby making them unclean.
Jami Masjids were built on prominent temple sites with no or very little record of the existing Hindu temples. Temple sites & materials were also used to raise tombs (mazars & rauzas) in honor of the fallen martyrs (shahids). Sayyid Salar Mas’ud – His mazar stands in Bahraich where the sun temple used to exist
2) Places which SURRENDERED
From time to time when a place surrendered to the invaders, existing Hindu population were treated as ZIMMIS and their places of worship was spared initially. But since as a Zimmi Hindus hardly had any say, so they were imposed with disabilities and Jizya was extracted as prescribed by Umar the second rightly guided Caliph (634-44 A.D)
3) Places REOCCUPIED by Hindus
Since the Mughals were not at all time in complete control of the entire country, Hindus retook certain places to build new temples on existing sites. But this eventually resulted in the Mughals reenacting their atrocities every time the return back to the same place.
4) Role of SUFIS
During the latter part of the 12th century, we come across a different type of Muslim saints (SUFI joined to a silsila) who played a very dominant role. Their role was similar to that of the Christian missionaries in the same context of Spanish imperialism. Sufis of the Chishtoyya silsila acted as the eyes and ears of the Islamic establishment. Qayim Shah was responsible for destruction of 12 temples at VELLORE, Tamil Nadu.
Now coming to documentation of such Invasions and destruction of Hindu temples, Nadwatul-Ulama of Lucknow, founded in 1894, is considered to be one of the primary centers of Islamic learning in India. It consists of one of the finest libraries in the sub-continent with nearly 150000 books to its name of which many of them are handwritten in Arabic, Urdu, Persian and English.
Maulana Hakim Sayid Abdul Hai was a very influential figure and also one of the Rector of the Institution mentioned above from 1915 to 1923 till his death. He has written various books (Urdu, Arabic & English), one such book being “Hindustan Islami Ahad” (Hindustan under Islamic Rule) which was published by the same institution. In this book he has mentioned the below extracts on how various Mosques have been constructed in Hindustan on top of certain Hindu temples
- Qawwat al-Islam – Qutub-Din Aibak constructed in H 587 after demolishing the temple built by Prithvi Raj
- Mosque at Jaunpur – Built by Sultan Ibrahim Sharqi, originally a Hindu temple
- Babri Masjid at Ajodhya – Babar constructed this Mosque on the land which Hindus called birthplace of Ramachandreji in H 963.
- Mosques of Aurangzeb – Various sites like Bisheshwar temple, Gobind Dev temple were used as foundation to build mosques.
Even after so many Muslim scholars & epigraphs have acknowledged and agreed on to the fact that many Mosques in ancient India have been constructed on top of demolished Hindu temples, why do we as a society feel the need to perform CENSORSHIP in the name of SECULARISM? Allowing and aiding the construction of the Ram Mandir might be one of the ways where Indian Muslims can guide their community in the right direction to prove to others that they can certainly co-exist with their Hindu brothers and sisters.
History should be constructed based only on facts and should be read to learn mistakes from the past.
References: Hindu Temples: What Happened to them by Sita Ram Goel